Ramsar Wetland Sites in India is one of the most important topics from Environment and Ecology. Several Questions are asked in various exams from this particular topic. In this article, we have discussed the meaning of Ramsar Sites, their location in India, and the Montreux Record.

Thank you

Ramsar Sites

  • At the time of joining the Convention, each Contracting Party undertakes to designate at least one wet- land site for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance.
  • There are over 2,300 Ramsar Sites on the territories of 170 Ramsar Contracting Parties across the world.
  • The countries with the most Sites are the United Kingdom with 170 and Mexico with 142.
  • Bolivia has the largest area under Ramsar protection.

Ramsar Sites in India

  • As of February 2019, there are 27 Ramsar Sites in India.
  • Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala and Punjab have three wetlands each.
  • West Bengal, Orissa and Rajasthan have two wetlands each.
  • Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Tripura, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur Jammu & Kashmir have one wetland each.

List of Ramsar sites in India

Ramsar Sites of IndiaLocation
Asan Conservation ReserveUttarakhand
Ashtamudi Wetland Kerala
Beas Conservation ReservePunjab
Bhitarkanika MangrovesOdisha
Bhoj WetlandsMadhya Pradesh
Chandra TaalHimachal Pradesh
Chilika LakeOdisha
Deepor BeelAssam
East Kolkata WetlandsWest Bengal
Harike WetlandsPunjab
Hokera WetlandJammu and Kashmir
Kabartal WetlandBihar
Kanjli WetlandPunjab
Keoladeo Ghana National ParkRajasthan
Keshopur-Miani Community ReservePunjab
Kolleru LakeAndhra Pradesh
Loktak LakeManipur
Lonar LakeMaharashtra
Nalsarovar Bird SanctuaryGujarat
Nandur MadhameshwarMaharashtra
Nangal Wildlife SanctuaryPunjab
Nawabganj Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
Parvati Agra Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
Pong Dam LakeHimachal Pradesh
Renuka LakeHimachal Pradesh
Ropar WetlandPunjab
Rudrasagar LakeTripura
Saman Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
Samaspur Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
Sambhar LakeRajasthan
Sandi Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
Sarsai Nawar JheelUttar Pradesh
Sasthamkotta LakeKerala
Sunderbans WetlandWest Bengal
Surinsar- Mansar LakesJammu and Kashmir
Sur Sarovar Uttar Pradesh
TsomoririJammu and Kashmir
Tso KarLadakh
Upper Ganga RiverUttar Pradesh
Vembanad Kol WetlandKerala
Wular LakeJammu and Kashmir
Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary Haryana
Sultanpur National ParkHaryana
Thol lake wildlife sanctuaryGujarat
Wadhvana Wetland.Gujarat

The Montreux Record

  • The Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference.
  • It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List.

Question. If a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘Montreux Record’, what does it imply? (UPSC CSE Prelims 2015)

A. Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur in the wetland as a result of human interference.

B. The country in which the wetland is located should enact a law to prohibit any human activity within five kilometers from the edge of the wetland

C. The survival of the wetland depends on the cultural practices and traditions of certain communities living in its vicinity, and therefore the cultural diversity therein should not be destroyed

D. It is given the status of ‘World Heritage Site’

Answer: A)


Please leave your valuable feedback/suggestions. Share this article with your friends and other aspirants.

Sharing is Caring

Follow us on Facebook- HERE

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *