Definition of Sociology

definition of sociology

Definition of Sociology: Sociology emerged as an independent social science in the 19th century. The term “Sociology” was first used by Auguste Comte. Auguste Comte is also considered to be the father of sociology.

The word “Sociology” is derived from ‘socius’ meaning companion or associate and ‘logos’ which means study. John Stuart Mill used the term ‘Ethology’ for this new branch of study.

Sociology has been defined by sociologists in many different ways as no single definition has yet been accepted as completely satisfactory. In this article, we will look at some of the definitions given by the most important sociologists.

Some of the important definitions of sociology have been given below:

Definition of Sociology

Auguste Comte: defines Sociology as the science of social phenomenon “subject to natural and invariable laws, the discovery of which is the object of investigation”.

Kingsley Davis: Sociology is the “science of social institutions”.

Emile Durkheim: Sociology is the “science of social institutions”.

Ogborn and Nimkoff: Sociology is the “scientific study of social life”.

Franklin Henry Giddings: Sociology is the “science of social phenomenon”.

Henry Fairchild: Sociology is the ” study of man and his human environment in their relation to each other”.

Max Weber: Sociology is the “science which attempts the interpretative understanding of social action in order thereby to arrive at a casual explanation of its course and effects”.

Some Important topics from Sociology:

Theory of Stratification by Max WeberFamily
Marriage in Tribal SocietiesVerstehen of Max Weber
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