Marriage in tribal societies is a fascinating topic in sociological studies of society. Mate selection in Tribals is done by various methods as enumerated in this article.
- According to Gillin and Gillin: Marriage is a socially approved way of establishing a family of procreation.
- According to Malinowski: Marriage is a contract for the production and maintenance of children.
- According to the Hindu Way of life: Marriage is a sacrament to fulfill the duties of Grihastha Dharma.
Characteristics of Marriage:
- Relationship between man and woman
- The marriage bond is enduring
- Requires Social Approval
- Associated with a civil or religious ceremony
- Marriage creates mutual obligations
Marriage in Tribal Societies: Types of Mate Selection-
1. Purchase and Service:
Regma-Naga, Ho, Gond
*Exchange of Girls
2. Youth Dormitory:
Marriage by mutual consent with parents’ approval or elopement
3. Selection by Capture:
Naga, Ho (Pre-arranged), Bhil, Gond
*Leads to female infanticide in Nagas
* In Gond- Often at the instance of the bride’s parents
4. Selection by Trial:
Present in Bhils
5. Marriage by Intrusion:
Girls desirous of marrying an unwilling male thrust themselves on the bridegroom, and bear all humiliations and harsh treatments till the man yields.
6. Probationary Marriage:
Permits Young men and women to live together for some weeks and then decide whether to get married or not.
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