Consider the following statements with respect to water vapour in the atmosphere:
- Water vapour increases from poles towards the equator.
- Water vapour decreases with altitude.
Which of the above statements is/are correct? Choose the correct answer from the given options-
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 2 Both
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
- Gases form of water present in the atmosphere is called water vapour. It is one of the most variable gaseous substances present in the atmosphere.
- It is the source of all kinds of precipitation.
- The amount of water vapour varies from 2 percent to 4 percent. Its maximum amount in the atmosphere could be up to 4% which is found in the warm and wet regions.
- Water vapour reaches in the atmosphere through evaporation and transpiration.
- Water vapour absorbs part of the incoming solar radiation (insolation) from the sun and preserves the earth’s radiated heat. It thus acts like a blanket allowing the earth neither to become too cold nor too hot.
- Water vapour also contributes to the stability and instability in the air.
- The amount of water vapour decreases with altitude.
- It also decreases from the equator towards the poles
- Water vapour increases from poles towards equator due to higher amount of insolation received towards the equator. Hence, Statement 1 is Correct.
- As one goes higher in the atmosphere, the amount of water vapour decreases. Hence, Statement 2 is Correct.
Hence, Option (c)- Both 1 and 2 is the Correct answer.