IAS/ PCS Prelims Practice Question-2

panchayati raj upsc

Consider the following statements regarding reservation of seats as per the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act-
1. The act provides for the reservation of not less than one-third of the total
number of seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in every panchayat.
2. The act provides that not less than one-third of the total number of offices of
chairpersons in the panchayats at each level shall be reserved for women.
Choose the correct answer using codes below
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

  • Statement 1:  The act provides for the reservation of seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in every panchayat (i.e., at all the three levels) in proportion of their population to the total population in the panchayat area. Further, the state legislature shall provide for the reservation of offices of chairperson in the panchayat at the village or any other level for the SCs and STs.

Hence Statement 1 is Incorrect.

  • Statement 2:  The act provides for the reservation of not less than one-third of the total number of seats for women (including the number of seats reserved for women belonging the SCs and STs).
    Further, not less than one-third of the total number of offices of chairpersons in the panchayats at each level shall be reserved for women. 

Hence Statement 2 is Correct.

Hence, Option (b)- Only 2 is correct.

More From Srishti IAS
READ MORE ABOUT  Tenth Schedule | Anti Defection Law